Parrot Aspergillosis - All About the Disease!
Parrot Aspergillosis Is an infectious disease caused by the development of a mold of the genus Aspergillus. The disease can be local and diffuse. With local aspergillosis, light and air sacs are affected, a dense tissue area (granuloma) is formed around them around inflammation and fungal colonies. With the diffuse type, other organs are also affected.
The disease can be acute or chronic. Transmission of aspergillosis from bird to bird has not been proven.
For an accurate diagnosis, it is necessary to take tests for the bird to find out that the fungus that caused the disease belongs to the genus Aspergillus.
Spores of fungi of this genus are ubiquitous. Most often, they can be found in feed or bedding. Spores are very tenacious and develop well with access of oxygen and humidity from 15%.
Factors that can cause aspergillosis: contaminated incubators, food, litter, poor hygiene, stress, lack of vitamins, prolonged use of antibiotics, hormones, the presence of diseases, stress.
Most often, of all species of parrots, Aspergillosis is susceptible to red-winged parrots (Pionus), Jaco, Amazon, cockatoos and macaws. There is also an opinion that budgerigars, grassy parrots and Corella can also be sick. When inhaled spores in birds with weakened immunity, infection can occur. The number of spores that enter the body plays an important role in the development of the disease. Usually, an infection develops with frequent and large amounts of inhaled spores. Mushrooms can also enter the body when swallowed, through open wounds. In most cases, aspergillosis begins in the respiratory system. Further, it can move to other organs - kidneys, adrenal glands, lungs, liver, reproductive organs.
Most fungi of the genus Aspergillus secrete toxic toxins that poison the body of a bird, affect the kidneys and liver.
The clinical symptoms of infection depend on the location of the lesion. Even an apparently healthy bird can carry foci of fungus and be sick from several months to several years. Most often, the symptoms of the disease appear already in the late stages. Concomitant symptoms are weakness and exhaustion. If untreated, the fungus sprouts in the affected organ and destroys it. In case of brain damage, coordination disorder, tilting of the head, paralysis can be observed.
It should be noted that many parrots with self-pluck suffer from a fungal infection, trying to pluck the place where the affected organ is located.
The diagnosis is made on the basis of blood tests, x-rays, endoscopy and the study of crops.
After diagnosis, treatment is prescribed individually, and it will last long enough. Internal fungal granulomas are removed surgically. When granulomas appear in vital organs, such treatment is impossible. Of the drugs used various antifungal drugs. In case of damage to the respiratory system, inhalations are used. When treating from the diet of the bird, it is necessary to remove all feeds that contribute to the further development and re-infection of aspergillosis - nuts and grain mixtures, they may contain spores.
Remember that the disease is easier to prevent. Do not give unprocessed nuts in shells (especially peanuts, since the shell is in the ground) and fruits. Check the quality of feed by germination, do not use feed and bedding of dubious quality. Carefully monitor the well-being of your feathered pet.