FCI Papillon Standard
FCI Papillon Standard No. 77 / 06.04.1998
PUBLICATION DATE PREVIOUS STANDARD
Group 9. Companion dogs, dwarf dogs
Without working trials.
PAPILLON (CONTINENTAL Dwarf spaniel)
(Epagneul nain continental)
In the photo: papillon at a dog show
A luxurious small spaniel of normal harmonious physique with long hair, with a moderately long muzzle, the length of which is somewhat shorter than the cranial part of the head, graceful, but strong bones, light and elegant movements. The body is slightly longer than tall.
HEAD: normal to body, lighter than medium and large sized spaniels.
CRANIAL REGION: Not very round in profile and full-face, with a slightly noticeable median groove between the eyes.
Stop (nose bridge): A fairly pronounced transition from the forehead to the muzzle. For larger representatives, this transition is minimal, but nevertheless noticeable, for smaller dogs it is more pronounced, but not too sharply.
Nose: The nose is small, black and rounded, but slightly flattened from above.
The back of the nose: direct.
Muzzle: shorter than the cranial part of the head, pointed, cannot be upturned.
Lips: very pigmented, thin and compressed, close to the jaws.
Jaw / teeth: rather strong jaws, scissor bite, well adjusted.
Tongue: the tongue should not be visible if the tongue is constantly visible or cannot be retracted inward by touching it with a finger - this is a defect.
Eyes: the eyes are quite large, well open, the forms of a very wide almond, not convex, set low enough, the inner corner of the eye is located at the intersection of the line of the skull and muzzle. Dark in color and very expressive, very pigmented eyelid.
The ears: ears are rather large, but firmly set. It doesn’t matter what it is about - the standing ear or the hanging ear when viewed in the hand - the cartilage cannot end at an end of the ear with an acute angle. The ears on the head are slightly displaced backward, sufficiently distant from each other so that a slight roundness of the skull is visible.
Hanging Ears Variety Named PHALENE-FALEN:
The ear at rest is set high, significantly higher than the line of the eyes passes, the hanging part of the ear is long and yet quite movable. It is decorated with long hair brushes reaching long lengths, this makes the dog especially attractive.
Ears with standing ears named PAPILLON-PAPILLON:
The ears are set high, the shells are well open and directed to the sides, the inner edge of the shell forms an angle close to 45 ° with the horizontal. In no way should the ear be placed perpendicularly, which would make the papillon's ears resemble spitz ears.
The longest strands of hair extend beyond the edge of the ear. The outer side of the ear is covered with long hair, which forms a luxurious fringe that extends far beyond the edge of the ear.
Crossing of both varieties often results in semi-erect ears, with a crease in the upper part of the ear, this mixed form of ear set-up is a serious defect.
NECK: moderate in length, slightly curved at the occiput.
TOP LINE: strong, straight.
SMALL OF THE BACK: strong, slightly convex.
CHEST: wide, deep enough. The chest volume, measured between the last two ribs, should be equivalent to the height at the withers. The ribs are well curved.
LINE OF THE BABY (bottom): belly slightly tightened.
set high enough, long enough, decorated with long wool, forming a beautiful fountain. When a dog is alert, its tail is thrown on its back or on its thigh and should never form rings and lie flat on its back.
straight, strong, should not seem too long. During movement and when viewed from the front and rear, the limbs are set parallel.
Shoulders: the shoulder blade is long, fits well to the body.
Elbow: The same length as the shoulder. Attached to the shoulder at a normal angle, well pressed to the body. .
Metacarpus: slightly sloping when viewed from the side.
HINDQUARTERS: with well-developed articulation angles.
FEET: The rather long legs, comparable to those of the hare, are located at right angles to their pads. Strong claws, mainly black, lighter claws in white-sable individuals (white nails are acceptable in individuals with a large amount of white hair and are not a disadvantage if the individual has sufficient pigment elsewhere). Fingers are movable with strong pads, between them long hair grows well, the length of which extends beyond the foot and forms the apex (or plume).
MOVEMENT: proud walk, easy movements, graceful, free.
COAT: without undercoat, plentiful, shiny, in waves (not to be confused with curls), not soft, more durable, with a silky sheen. The hair hangs vertically by itself; the hair is quite thin, slightly curved by the wave. The quality of the wool is close to the quality of the Cavalier King Charles Spaniel, but differs completely from the Pekingese on the other hand, the wool should not be similar to Spitz. The hair is short on the head, on the muzzle, on the outer surface of the forelimbs and on the lower part of the hind limbs. On the body, the hair is medium-long, on the neck, the wool lies in a luxurious frill and smoothly descends onto the chest on the ears and the back of the forepaws, the wool forms a beautiful fringe, on the outside of the thighs the wool forms luxurious “pants”. Thin tufts of wool can grow between the fingers and exceed the length of the foot, provided that they do not burden the paw, but rather lengthen it. For example, in some dogs, in good conditions, the hair length reaches 7.5 cm on the back and 15 cm on the tail.
COLOR: spots of any color are allowed on the main white color, on the body, legs, white should prevail over the color. A white groove, continuing with a more or less wide strip, is welcome. White patina is acceptable on the smaller part of the head, the predominant white color on the head is a disadvantage. In all cases, the lips, eyelids and mainly the nose should be pigmented.
SIZE AND WEIGHT:
HEIGHT IN THE WALL: about 28 cm.
Weight: two categories:
1) males and females up to 2.5 kg.
2) males from 2.5 to 4.5 kg and females from 2.5 to 5 kg.
Minimum weight: 1.5 kg.
LIMITATIONS: Any deviation in relation to what is described above should be recognized as a fault that will be punished depending on its severity.
- a flat skull, an apple-shaped head or convex, like that of a King Charles Spaniel,
- the transition from the forehead to the muzzle is too pronounced or smooth,
- the nose is not black,
- upturned or lowered nasal bridge,
Weak lip pigmentation,
- snack or overshot mouth,
- small, too round eyes are convex light color, squirrels are visible when the dog looks straight ahead,
- weak pigmentation of the eyelids,
- indirect back, hunchbacked, sagging,
- tail curled in a ring lying on its back falling to the sides (we are talking about bone and not about fringe),
- curved forepaws,
- knobby joints (grandmothers),
- weak hind limbs,
- unparalleled posture of the hind limbs,
- dewclaws on the hind limbs (recommended to be removed),
- inward or outward inverted paws,
- paws whose claws do not touch the ground,
- scanty coat, soft or fluffy, undercoat, wool in the type of German Spitz.
- aggressiveness and cowardice,
- pink or spotty nose
- a snack or overshot when the incisors of the lower jaw do not touch the incisors of the upper jaw,
- paralyzed or constantly visible language.
N.B .: males should have two testes fully descended into the scrotum.